Unit VIII: The Church in the Modern Age (+/- 1800-Present Day)

Focus: the Church’s place in the 20th and 21st centuries

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Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: 098_OpeningVaticanCouncilI.jpg - 51137 Bytes A. The Popes strike back_1. Pius IX & Vatican I  (notes for Apr. 23/24)

[C1, G1, G2, G3]

à Question #3 is assigned.

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Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: http://thispublicaddress.com/depression/images/leo.jpg A. The Popes strike back_2. Leo XIII & 3. Pius X (notes for Apr. 27-30)

[C1, E9, G1, G2, G3, G4, G5]

 

à CHI #8 assigned and due on Tuesday, May 5th.

à Be sure to download and print this packet and bring it into class.

The lessons will be as follows:

  • April 27— Day 1 Blocks will do question #1 of this package.
  • April 28— Day 2 Blocks will do question #1 of this
  • April 29— Day 1 Blocks will do #2 of this package.
  • April 30— Day 2 Blocks will do #2 of this package.

à #3 will be available as a bonus question.

 

 

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B. The Church and the 2 World Wars_1. Benedict XV & 2. Pius XI (notes for May 1-)

[C1, G1, G2, G3, G4, G5, H1, H2]

à Be sure to download and print this packet and bring it into class.

·         On May 1, Day 1 Blocks will read only the part on Benedict XV and be assigned #1 only.  You may do the 4th question as an optional bonus question.  This will be due in class.

·         On May 4, Day 2 Blocks will read only the part on Benedict XV and be assigned #1 only.  You may do the 4th question as an optional bonus question.  This will be due in class.

·         On May 5, Day 1 Blocks will read the third part on Pius XI’s attempts to deal with Totalitarianism and be assigned # 3.  This will be due in class.

à CHI #8 due today.

  • On May 6, Day 2 Blocks will read the third part on Pius XI’s attempts to deal with Totalitarianism and be assigned # 3.  This will be due in class.
  • On May 7, Day 1 Blocks will be assigned #2 on social and economic justice.  This will be due in class.
  • On May 8, Day 2 Blocks will be assigned #2 on social and economic justice.  This will be due in class.

 

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Here is a short clip to quickly explain the Lateran Treaty of 1929.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPHRIjI3hXs&feature=youtu.be

 

 

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This is a 1937 S.S. cartoon mocking the future Pius XII as a supporter of Jews and anti-Nazis

(from www.markriebling.com/nazipope.html and

http://popepiusxiiandthejews.blogspot.com/2008/06/pope-piux-xii-and-jews-news-reports-and.html)

The caption reads: "She's not too pretty. But she cooks well!” 

The left bottle says “Porridge of lies.” 

The poster on the wall says “The poison-kitchen of the People’s Front [a German communist group].”

 

B. The Church and the 2 World Wars_3. Pius XII (notes for May 11-25)

[C1, G1, G2, G3, G4, G5, H1, H2]

 

  • On May 11, Day 1 Blocks will do #1, explaining the dilemma Pius XII faced—CHI #9 assigned and due Thursday, May 28th.

·         On May 13, Day 2 Blocks will do #1, explaining the dilemma Pius XII faced—CHI #9 assigned and due Thursday, May 28th.

  • On May 12, Day 1 Blocks will do #2, answering how a Catholic would answer John Cornwall’s arguments.
  • On May 14, Day 1 Blocks will do #2, answering how a Catholic would answer John Cornwall’s arguments

·         NB: dates are shuffled due to the Edogawa visits

 

***Friday, May 15th: ND Pro-D Day—no classes***

***Monday, May 18th: Victoria Day—no classes***

 

à Also, remember that your last 10 Hours for Service Hours are due Tuesday, May 19th.

 

 

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·         May 19/21 (Day 1 classes) & May 20/25 (Day 2 classes): we’ll watch the 2016 National Geographic documentary Pope v. Hitler.  This can help you with your CHI.  Be ready for some flexibility in dates.

 

 

 

 

 

 

à Click here to read an interview with Rabbi David Dalin to see his views on John Cornwall’s book. 

http://catholicexchange.com/the-myth-of-hitlers-pope-an-interview-with-rabbi-david-g-dalin

 

à Click here to read an article about the visas Cardinal Pacelli issued in 1938 that allowed Jews to escape Germany after Kristallnacht.

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/world-war-two/7874740/Hitlers-Pope-saved-thousands-of-Jewish-lives.html

 

à Click here to read an interview with Mark Riebling, author of Church of Spies.  This is a fascinating interview given that Riebling was born Catholic but is presently atheist, while Sam Harris is a noted critic of religion (you may have seen him on Bill Maher’s show a few times).

https://www.samharris.org/blog/item/rethinking-hitlers-pope

  Riebling was also interviewed by the Catholic news site Crux in June 2016.

This is part one of the interview. https://cruxnow.com/interviews/2016/06/16/pius-xii-part-one/

This is part two of the interview. https://cruxnow.com/interviews/2016/06/17/pius-xii-active-conspirator-three-anti-hitler-plots/

 

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à Click here to read the account of Sr. Margherita Marchione, Ph.D, an American nun who helped hide Jews in Rome during the Nazi occupation.  Be warned; it’s long (45 pages).

http://legacy.ptwf.org/Downloads/Did%20Pope%20Pius%20XII.pdf

 

à D’s note: Along with the Crusades, the Inquisition, and the Galileo Case, the issue of Pius XII’s actions during WWII is among the major controversies surrounding the Church that we examine in this class.  Of the four, this one is probably the one with the most heat.  There is little neutral ground; people either defend Pius XII or vilify him, and I will admit I count myself among the former.  I think, however, that perspective is needed.  As Vatican insider John Allen Jr. points out, “It's abundantly clear that Pius XII, sooner or later, will be declared a saint. Benedict XVI signed a decree of heroic virtue in 2009, raising Pius XII to the status of "venerable," and the near-universal consensus among those who pay attention to sainthood cases is that Pius XII will one day win the halo…[P]ositions on Pius XII have hardened over the years, and it strikes me as deeply unlikely that any new revelation, from the secret archives or anywhere else, will move opinion. That's because the debate over Pius is basically counter-factual in nature -- it's not about what he did, but rather what he should have done, and no new piece of empirical evidence is going to resolve that one way or the other.”

Source: Allen Jr., John. "Jewish/Catholic ties and thoughts on Pius XII | National Catholic Reporter." National Catholic Reporter | Home | National Catholic Reporter. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2013. <http://ncronline.org/blogs/all-things-catholic/jewishcatholic-ties-and-thoughts-pius-xii>.

Allen followed up with this a year later in June of 2014.

https://cruxnow.com/church/2014/06/14/sainthood-only-way-to-end-row-between-jews-catholics-over-pius-xii/

 

à Pope Francis has an opinion on this too.  “I do not mean to say that Pius XII did not make mistakes – I make many mistakes myself – but his role must be read in the context of the time,” Pope Francis said.

The Holy Father added that he gets an “existential rash” when he sees people speak against the Pope and the Church during World War II, but ignoring the role played by the Allied Powers.

“Did you know that they knew perfectly well the rail network used by the Nazis to take the Jews to the concentration camps? They had the photographs,” he said.  “But they did not bomb these rail lines. Why? It would be nice if we spoke a little bit about everything.”

Source: http://en.radiovaticana.va/news/2014/06/13/pope_francis_speaks_to_catalonian_newspaper_about_pius_xii_/1101739

 

***Friday May 22: Walk-a-Thon—no classes***

 

à Test #5 will be on Mon., June 7 for Day 1 and Tue., June 8 for Day 2.

à Bonus CHIs will be due on Wed., June 3rd

à Thurs., June 4th is the deadline for the 90% Exemption.

 

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C. John XXIII & Vatican II (notes for May 26-June )

[H4, H5, H6, H7, H8, H9, I1, I2, I3]

à.

à Be sure to download and print this packet and bring it into class.

à CHI #9 due today

à CHI #10 due today. Bonus CHIs will be due today only if you have no missing assignments. 

à Today is the deadline for the 90% Exemption.

·         On June 5, Day 1 Blocks will prepare for Test #5

 

 

à The text for Paul VI’s encyclical Humanae Vitae can be found here.

à Monday June 8th is Test for Day 2 Blocks

àTuesday June 9th is the test for Day 1 Blocks.

    

 

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D. Issues in the Church in the 20th and 21st Centuries

[H4, H5, H6, H7, H8, H9]

 

à Focus: why did Cardinal Josef Ratzinger select the name “Benedict”?  Why did Cardinal Jorge Bergolio select the name “Francis”?

à Challenges of the Church in the 21st century?

 

 

http://news.sxu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/john-allen-jr-web-2.jpg

à Some insight on these Church issues can be seen in a presentation by John Allen Jr. that I personally attended on Feb. 14th, 2011.  You can read my notes on it here.

 

1) Catholic Ideas in a Secular Nationalist/Humanist World

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[H4, H5, H6, H7, H8, H9, I1, I2, I3]

   a) Benedict XVI’s 2009 visit to the Holy Land (Article for June 4-13)

à The questions for the article are as follow:

   (i) Benedict XVI has endured criticism from some Jewish groups similar to those received by Pius XII.  Read the article and respond to those accusations.

   (ii) Considering the still-lingering bitterness from the Crusades, what do you think of Benedict XVI’s relations with the Islamic world?

   (iii) What can Benedict XVI do to help the minority Christians in the Holy Land without upsetting the tension between Israelis and Palestinians?

 

  • On June 4, Day 1 Blocks will do # (i). Remember that today is the deadline for any attempts at the 90% exemption
  • On June 5, Day 2 Blocks will do # (i). 

 

à Monday June 8th: Test for Day 1 Blocks.

à Tuesday June 9th: Test for Day 2 Blocks.

 

·         On June 10, Day 1 Blocks will do # (ii).  .

  • On June 11, Day 2 Blocks will do # (ii). 

·         On June 15, Day 1 Blocks will do (iii). 

  • On June 16, Day 2 Blocks will do (iii). 

 

 

 

Bonus Text Deconstructions:

 

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  b) Benedict XVI’s visit to Africa (Lessons for June ?-?)

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[H4, H5, H6, H7, H8, H9, I1, I2, I3]

    i) Benedict XVI’s 2009 visit to Angola (Article for June ?-?)

à The questions for the articles are as follow:

   (i) The article refers to the civil war between Communist and anti-communist forces and Angola’s attempt at reconstruction funded by oil and diamond resources. Benedict said during this visit that “the extended African family was under threat from urbanisation and warned against creeping materialism.”  Connect this to what Leo XIII and Pius XI taught about unrestrained capitalism and communism.

   (ii) Secular humanists are critical on the Pope’s stance on condoms (cf. Humanae Vitae), especially with AIDS being such an epidemic in Africa.  How does a Catholic respond?

  • On June 14(?), Day 1 will do # (i).
  • On June 17 (?), Day 2 will do # (i). 
  • On June 18 (?), Day 1 will do # (ii). 
  • On June 19 (?), Day 2 will do # (ii). 

 

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   ii) Benedict XVI’s 2009 visit to Cameroon (Article for June 14-?)

à According to research on current demographic trends, a lot of the growth in today’s Catholic Church occurs the Southern Hemisphere—Asia, South America, and Africa.  In 2009, Pope Benedict visited Cameroon and Africa.

Think question: click and read the article by John Allen Jr.    Work on the following questions.

1) Show how the issues discussed in Vatican II are reflected in John Allen’s overall observations of Benedict XVI’s visit to Cameroon.

2) Take a look at the comments of Nigerian Archbishop John Onaiyikan.  Are his opinions of the Church in Africa and the attitudes of the Church in Europe and North America accurate?  Why or why not?

3) Read the section on the “local colour” in the Cameroon.  Explain how this is an effect of John XXIII’s efforts in Vatican II.

  • June ?, Day 1 Blocks will do #2.
  • June ?, Day 2 Blocks will do #2
  • June ?, Day 1 Blocks will do #3.
  • June ?, Day 2 Blocks will do #3.

 

 

 

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2) The Scandal of Clerical Abuse in Residential Schools (Article for June ?-?)

à If the above link does not work, click on the following url

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8026429.stm

à The questions for the article are as follow:

   (i) Explain how what occurred in the Canadian residential schools contrary to Acts. 1:8.   How different was it to how the Jesuits ran their missions in North and South America in the 16th century (e.g., Father Gabriel in the film The Mission)?

   (ii) Evaluate Benedict’s response during the papal audience with the Canadian bishops and especially Phil Fontaine, national chief of the Assembly of First Nations.

   (iii)  Compare this scandal to any of the abuses in the Church from past units (e.g., “Gossip Popes”, the Renaissance Papacy, simony & nepotism & lay investiture etc.).  Which is the worst and why?

  • On June ?, Day 1 will do # (i).
  • On June ?, Day 2 will do # (i).
  • On June ?, Day 1 will do # (ii).  You may do (iii) as a bonus.
  • On June ?, Day 2 will do # (ii).  You may do (iii) as a bonus.
  • On June ?, Day 1 will do # (iii).
  • On June ?, Day 2 will do # (iii). 

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3)John Paul II’s Apologies

4) Social Justice Issues

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a) Poverty

   b) The Environment

   c) The Church and Politics

   d) Bio-ethics (Humanae Vitae)

5) The Church in Asia and Africa

6) Our Role in the Church 

 

 

 

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